Gastric sleeve surgery is a gastric reduction surgery applied in the treatment of obesity. Because the operation is comfortable, it is the most common slimming surgery worldwide. It aims to cut and remove 80% of the stomach laparoscopiccally.
During gastric sleeve surgery, a large part of the stomach is removed and the stomach becomes a thin tube. The stomach's nutritional capacity is reduced and the hormones that create a feeling of hunger and satiety are balanced. Gastric sleeve surgery in the first year of 70-80% of the patient's excess weight is targeted to get rid of. In addition, obesity-related diseases such as blood pressure and sugar is intended to disappear after surgery.
Advantages of Gastric Sleeve surgery
- Since the operation is performed laparoscopiccally, the recovery time is shorter. The patient may return to his / her daily life more quickly.
- The reduction of the stomach creates a feeling of saturation with little food.
- The natural functioning of the digestive system is not impaired.
- The risk of ulcer formation is minimal.
- It allows a second operation to be performed in cases where the operation is insufficient.
Who can do it
Gastric sleeve surgery can be performed for patients between 18-65 years of age, whose body mass index is suitable for surgery, who have tried to lose weight with diet and exercise before, but have not been successful and have no problems that prevents the surgery.
For postoperative success, the patient should be prepared not only physically but also psychologically. If a person is not willing to lose weight, slimming treatments have no meaning.
How is it done?
Gastric sleeve surgery is performed with closed technique, ie laparoscopy and under general anesthesia.
In closed surgery technique, 4 holes are drilled from the appropriate regions and entry to the abdomen is performed. With the help of titanium stapling tools called stapler, a suture is made between the part of the stomach to be cut and left. The section which lost its function after the sewing is cut off and removed.
The operation takes approximately 50 minutes.
What are the risks?
Risks in gastric sleeve surgery are valid for all surgical procedures. There is very little possibility of complications from gastric sleeve surgery. Since the complication conditions may vary according to the age and weight of the patient, the doctor can give the most accurate information on this subject after the examination.
Postoperative nutrition and exercise
Post-operative feeding and exercise are just as important in gastric sleeve surgery and other attenuation attempts. Since 80% of the patient's stomach will be removed, there will be fundamental changes in the feeding habits.
During the feeding process, which starts with liquid nutrients after the surgery, solid foods are passed slowly. It is important to eat frequently and eat less, eat foods that contain protein, and eat slowly and chewably. Patient-specific detailed information about nutrition is provided by the dietician.
In order to maintain muscle mass and accelerate metabolism, exercise should be started 1 month after surgery.