Vitreous is a gel-like tissue that is located in the center of the eye. Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure in which the vitrues tissue is completely or partially emptied. In the treatment of some retinal diseases, surgery can be performed when this substance is extracted. The extracted substance is replaced by an intraocular fluid. Vitrectomy can treat non-treatable eye diseases. Patients with loss of vision can get rid of this problem through vitrectomy.
For which diseases is Vitrectomy suitable?
Intraocular hemorrhage, advanced diabetic eye disease, retinal detachment, macular hole, anterior macular membrane formation, intraocular infection, intraocular foreign body, eye injuries, retinal tears, residual lens remains during cataract surgery, artificial lens falling into the eye vitrectomy surgery can be done in diseases.
General controls are performed before the surgery and the treatment is decided. If the operation is to be performed under general anesthesia, it is necessary to stop eating and drinking alcohol and cigarettes some time before the operation which it will be indicated by the doctor.
The surgery can be performed under local or general anesthesia. It takes 1-2 hours on average. The eye is entered through 3 holes drilled 3-4mm behind the cornea. While cleaning the vitreous tissue, it is filled with liquid at the same time. Surgery is completed by closing the 3 holes.
After surgery, the medicines prescribed by the doctor should be used regularly. Any movements that may cause impact to the eye should be avoided and the eye should not be rubbed. Water should be avoided for 1 week. The operation area should be cleaned regularly. If gas or silicone oil were applied into the eye, it may be necessary to lay in the prone position for 1-2 weeks. Heavy sports and heavy goods should be avoided in the first month.