Vitreous is a gel-like tissue that is located in the center of the eye. Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure in which the vitrues tissue is completely or partially emptied. In the treatment of some retinal diseases, surgery can be performed when this substance is extracted. The extracted substance is replaced by an intraocular fluid. Vitrectomy can treat non-treatable eye diseases. Patients with loss of vision can get rid of this problem through vitrectomy.
For which diseases is Vitrectomy suitable?
Vitrectomy surgery can be done in diseases such as intraocular hemorrhage, advanced diabetic eye disease, retinal detachment, macular hole, anterior macular membrane formation, intraocular infection, intraocular foreign body, eye injuries, retinal tears, removal of a foreign object.
General controls are performed before the surgery and the treatment is decided. If the operation is going to be performed under general anesthesia, it is necessary to stop eating and drinking alcohol and smoking for a time before the operation which will be indicated by the doctor.
The surgery can be performed under local or general anesthesia. It takes 1-2 hours on average. Vitreous chamber and retina are reached through 3 holes drilled 3-4mm behind he cornea. While cleaning the vitreous tissue, it is filled with liquid at the same time. Surgery is completed by closing the 3 holes.
After surgery, the medicines prescribed by the doctor should be used regularly. Any movements that may cause impact to the eye should be avoided and the eye should not be rubbed. Water should be avoided for 1 week. The operation area should be cleaned regularly. If gas or silicone oil were applied into the eye, it may be necessary to lay in the prone position for 1-2 weeks. Heavy sports and heavy goods should be avoided in the first month.