The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ adhering to the liver, 7-10 cm long, which stores the bile produced by the liver. It contributes to fat digestion by discharging the stored bile into the duodenum during digestion. It plays a role in the absorption of bile fats and fat-soluble vitamins. In the absence of gallbladder, the entire bile can be delivered to the intestine through the main bile duct. Therefore, the gallbladder is not an indispensable organ. There is no deficiency in vital functions in cases that need to be removed.
What is gallstones?
In the gallbladder, there are cases where the bile components harden in a manner similar to stone. There are two types of gallstones, cholesterol and pigment stones. Cholesterol stones are yellow-green in color, depending on the change in the ratio of cholesterol. Pigment stones are formed by the accumulation of bilirubin in the gallbladder, which is caused by the destruction of red blood cells in some hematological diseases.
What is gallbladder inflammation?
Gallbladder inflammation is caused by gallbladder stones. In chronic gallbladder inflammation, the gallbladder cannot perform its functions. It causes gas and tension especially after the meal. In acute inflammation of the gallbladder, sudden, severe pain on the right upper part of the abdomen can spread to the right shoulder. The patient has fever, vomiting and nausea.
The most effective solution for gallbladder inflammation is surgical procedure. Medications intended to dissolve the gallbladder may require years of use. It is always possible to reoccur gallbladder inflammation when drug use is discontinued.
Gallbladder surgery is performed with closed surgical technique (laparoscopic). 3-4 holes of 1 cm are drilled and entered with special tools. The artery is clipped and the gallbladder is separated from the liver. The separated pouch and stones are removed from the abdomen. If necessary, drain is placed on the gallbladder bed and the operation is terminated. The operation lasts 1.5-2 hours in total.
The healing process
The patient is discharged after 1 night in the hospital. The pain will gradually decrease in the first 3 days . Painkillers are prescribed for the pain. Food consumption may begin after 4 hours. Fatty foods should not be consumed in the first one week. Shower can be taken from the third day onwards. Hard physical work should be avoided in the first 3 weeks .