Gastroesophageal Reflux is a disease caused by gastric fluid escaping back into the esophagus. It is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Contact of acid, bile or pancreatic fluids with the esophagus for a long time causes reflux disease. Complaints that usually start with burning in the rib cage increase after eating.
Reflux can be seen a little in every people, but the conditions that affect daily life are abnormal and need to be examined. If an inflammatory reaction is detected in the esophagus after endoscopy, gastroesophageal reflux is diagnosed.
Symptoms and causes of reflux
Burning sensation in chest and throat, bitter water in mouth, burping, feeling of fullness in the throat, bad breath, persistent cough, sensation of sticking the food during swallowing are symptoms of reflux.
Regular smoking and use of alcohol, irregular and fatty nutrition, rapid consumption of food are some of the causes of reflux. Pregnancy, diabetes and sudden weight changes increase the risk of reflux.
How is reflux treated?
Lifestyle changes and medication may be sufficient in people with new onset of reflux and mild complaints about it. Surgical treatment may be applied if the complaints cannot be controlled despite the medication, diet and precautions.
Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication surgery is a process of creating a 360-degree valve mechanism by entering the stomach at 0.5 and 1 centimeter small points without cutting the abdomen. In the surgery performed under general anesthesia, food is pushed into the stomach with the forward wave motion of the esophagus and stomach acid is prevented from entering the esophagus by preventing the backflow. The average duration of the operation is 35–40 minutes. The patient can be discharged the next day. The success rate is 90% in this method.
The healing process
After discharge, the patient has no restrictions for activities such as walking and taking a shower. During the healing process, lifting heavy things or pressure on the stomach should be avoided. In the first week solid foods should be avoided and soft foods should be consumed. After the first week, physician checks are performed and the patient is informed about the subsequent process.