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Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that allows the patient to lose weight by changing the structure of the stomach and small intestine. During surgery, the stomach is reduced to reduce the patient’s food intake and absorption. The surgery aims to reduce the saturation of the stomach by reducing the volume of the stomach, and to remove the consumed foods without absorbing them.
Advantages of Gastric Bypass Surgery
- The biggest advantage is that the stomach can be restored to its original state since no parts are removed from the stomach.
- It also treats diseases such as reflux and gastric hernia.
- Helps cure diseases such as diabetes.
- The risk of heart disease is reduced.
- It is less likely to recover weight given than tube stomach surgery.
Who can do it?
Gastric bypass surgery can be performed for patients between 18-65 years of age, whose body mass index is suitable for surgery, who have tried to lose weight with diet and exercise before, but have not succeeded and have no discomfort to prevent surgery.
For postoperative success, the patient should be prepared not only physically but also psychologically. If a person is not willing to lose weight, slimming treatments have no meaning.
How is it done?
Gastric bypass surgery is performed under closed technique (laparoscopy) and under general anesthesia. In the closed surgery technique, holes are opened from the appropriate areas and entry is made to the abdomen.
In the first stage of the surgery, a stomach pouch is formed at the entrance of the stomach. This stomach pouch is small in volume and allows the patient to feel saturated with little food.
The second stage is the bypass stage. A portion of the small intestine is cut into the large intestine and is connected to the newly formed stomach pouch. The end of the remaining small intestine is connected to the intestine again from the lower part.
What are the risks?
The risks of gastric bypass surgery are valid for all surgical procedures. Complications may vary according to the age and weight of the patient, so the doctor can provide the most accurate information on this subject after the examination.
Postoperative nutrition and exercise
As in all attenuation attempts, postoperative nutrition and exercise are as important as gastric bypass surgery. The patient has to follow his / her diet.
It is important to eat frequently and eat less, eat foods that contain protein, and eat slowly and chewably. Patient-specific detailed information about nutrition is provided by the dietician.
Patient must start exercise 1 month after the operation.