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Gastric sleeve surgery is a gastric reduction surgery performed in the treatment of obesity. Since the operation process is comfortable, it is the most common slimming surgery worldwide. It aims to cut and remove 80% of the stomach laparoscopiccally.
During gastric sleeve surgery, a large part of the stomach is removed and the stomach becomes a thin tube. The stomach’s nutritional capacity is reduced and the hormones that create a feeling of hunger and satiety are balanced. Gastric sleeve surgery aims to lose 70-80% of the patient’s excess weight in the first year. In addition to that, obesity-related diseases such as blood pressure and sugar is intended to disappear after surgery.
Advantages of Gastric Sleeve surgery
- Since the operation is performed laparoscopiccally, the recovery time is shorter. The patient may return to his / her daily life more quicker.
- The reduction of the stomach creates a feeling of saturation with little food.
- The natural functioning of the digestive system is not impaired.
- The risk of ulcer formation is minimal.
- It allows a second operation to be performed in cases where the operation is insufficient.
Who can get it done?
Gastric sleeve surgery can be performed for patients between 18-65 years of age, whose body mass indexes are suitable for surgery, who have tried to lose weight with diet and exercise before, but have not been successful and have no problems that prevents the surgery.
For postoperative success, the patient should be prepared not only physically but also psychologically. If a person is not willing to lose weight, slimming treatments have no meaning.
How is it done?
Gastric sleeve surgery is performed with closed technique, ie laparoscopy and under general anesthesia.
In closed surgery technique, 4 holes are drilled from the appropriate regions to enter the abdomen. With the help of titanium stapling tools called stapler, a suture is made between the part of the stomach to be cut and left. The section which lost its function after the sewing is cut off and removed.
The operation takes approximately 50 minutes.
What are the risks?
Risks in gastric sleeve surgery are valid for all surgical procedures. There is very little possibility of complications based gastric sleeve surgery. Since complications may vary depending on the age and weight of the patient, the most accurate information on this subject can be provided by the doctor after the examination.
Postoperative nutrition and exercise
In gastric sleeve surgery post-operative feeding and exercise are just as important as the other attenuation attempts. Since 80% of the patient’s stomach will be removed, there will be fundamental changes in the feeding habits.
During the feeding process, which starts with liquid nutrients after the surgery, solid foods are passed slowly. It is important to eat frequently and less, eat foods that contain protein, and eat slowly and chewably. Patient-specific detailed information about nutrition is provided by the dietician.
In order to maintain muscle mass and accelerate metabolism, exercise should be started 1 month after surgery.