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Orthodontics deals with the diagnosis and treatment of dental irregularities. Improper appearance and crowding of the teeth are seen in both adults and children. Teeth crowding may be due to genetic or environmental factors. Untreated dental crowding may lead to psychological problems, aesthetic concerns, dental and gum problems and speech problems in adulthood. Orthodontic treatment helps keep teeth healthy for a lifetime, while providing a healthier mouth and a more pleasing appearance.
What are the advantages of orthodontic treatment?
- Proper placement of the teeth on the jaw bone eliminates joint, head and neck pain caused by closing disorders.
- Crooked or crowded teeth are difficult to clean. Orthodontic treatment facilitates cleaning of the teeth.
- Crowded teeth can cause speech disorders such as pelting. Orthodontic treatment solves speech disorders.
- It contributes to facial aesthetics. This eliminates psychological problems caused by aesthetic anxiety. The self-confidence increases.
- Crowded teeth make it difficult to chew and grind food. This can lead to stomach diseases such as reflux. Chewing function is also improved with orthodontic treatment.
- Crowding makes teeth more vulnerable to breakage. Teeth which are fixed by orthodontic treatment are more resistant to cracking and fracture.
Who can be treated with orthodontics?
It is a treatment method for children, who have crowding in their teeth, finger-sucking problem, use pacifier or feeding bottle, and for anyone, who have jaw deformity, closure problems in the lower and upper jaw and space between their teeth.
How long does orthodontic treatment take?
The duration of orthodontic treatment may vary from 6 months to 3 years. The duration of treatment varies according to the condition of each patient. After treatment, reinforcement treatment is performed to prevent the teeth from returning to their previous positions.
Orthodontic treatment process
The first step of orthodontic treatment is examination. The orthodontist examines the mouth in detail and informs the patient about his condition. The orthodontist gives detailed information about which treatments can be performed, duration of treatment and what should be expected from the treatment.
In preparation stage, the teeth are prepared for the treatments to be performed. At this stage, procedures such as tooth cleaning and caries control are performed. If there are teeth that need to be extracted, they are extracted at this stage.
At the planning stage, the orthodontist creates a treatment plan with measurement and analysis. A co-decision is made with the patient to determine which treatment will be performed.
During the orthodontic treatment stage, the mouth is made dry for braces to be placed. An retractor is attached to keep the patient’s mouth open during the procedure. Braces are placed on the teeth with the method deemed appropriate by the doctor.
After the braces are removed, reinforcement treatment is started to protect the teeth’s place. Reinforcement treatment is required in every patient because the teeth try to return to their former position. Reinforcement treatment keeps this situation under control.