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Organ transplantation is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (donor) and placing it in another person (recipient). Transplantation is performed when the organ of the recipient is unable to function due to illness or injury. Organ transplantation is one of the greatest developments in modern medicine. It requires a multidisciplinary study. With the advances in medicine, many organs can be transplanted today.
The person may allow the organs and tissues to be used for the patients in need after his / her life ended medically with his/her free will while alive. If he did not make a statement about this while he was alive, his organs and tissues could be donated by his relatives after his lifes ended medically. This process is an organ donation from the dead (cadaver) to living. The person can donate a kidney or part of his liver to a patient in need while he is alive. This process is organ donation from living to living.
The kidney is an important organ for maintaining vital functions. Renal failure is a disease that reduces quality of life. It requires the patient to remain on dialysis on certain days. Renal transplantation is a better option than dialysis for advanced renal failure. A higher quality of life can be achieved by kidney transplantation despite the restrictive conditions of dialysis. Kidney transplantation can be performed from living to living and from cadaver to living.
In the case of chronic liver failure, liver transplantation is the only treatment. Living –to-living and cadaver-to-living transplantation can be performed. The liver is an organ that can be renewed and grow. In living-to-living transplantation, the liver of the recipient and donor returns to their normal state within 6-8 weeks.